Fall Veggie Planting Schedule Zone 3-4



Our peas 2010








































Time to start planning for those fall crops.  In  Minneapolis our last frost date is September 15.  If you plant directly in the garden make sure you keep the seedlings well watered. You may need to provide some shade during the hottest parts of the day, or provide a layer of mulch to help keep the soil a little cooler.  If you live in a cooler climate, (like I do) say zone 6 to zone 4, try using vegetables that have quick maturity rates. A vegetable such as spinach, which is usually ready to pick in 35 to 40 days, would work nicely.  I plan to plant more spinach (second time the charm?), arugula, lettuce, and bok choi, turnips, beets, and cilantro.  Here is a list from the U of M of how frost hardy some vegetables are and maturity dates.


Here is a short list of vegetables you can plant now for a great fall or winter crop:


  • Lettuces
  • cilantro (4 weeks before first frost)
  • Chard
  • Kale
  • Spinach
  • Collards
  • Mustard Greens
  • Turnips
  • Arugula
  • Bok Choi
  • Carrots
  • Peas
  • Kohlrabi
  • Radishes
  • Beets
  • Cabbage
  • Chives

    Zones 3-4 Planting Schedule

    A Garden Planting Chart

    Planting dates Planting distances (in inches)
    Vegetable Start seed indoors Plant seed or plant outdoors Between rows, hand cultivated Between plants Depth of seeding (inches) Amount to order
    per 20 feet of row


    "Packet" refers to average commercially-
    packaged seed packet.
    Asparagus
    April 15 - May 1
    (crowns)
    36 12 - 18 6 - 8 (crowns) 15 crowns
    Beans, snap (bush)
    May 15 - July 1 18 - 24 3 - 4 1½ - 2 3 - 4 oz
    Beans, snap(pole)
    May 15 - July 1 36 4 - 6 1½ - 2 2 - 3 oz
    Beans, dry shell
    May 15 18 - 24 3 - 4 3 - 4 oz
    Beans, lima
    May 15 - June 10 18 - 24 4 - 6 3 - 4 oz
    Beets
    April 15 - July 1 12 - 18 2 - 4 ½ - 1 1 packet
    Broccoli March 1 - 15 April 15 or June 1 24 - 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    9 plants
    Brussels sprouts March 1 - 15 April 15 or June 1 24 - 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    9 plants
    Cabbage, early March 1 - 15 April 1 - May 1 24 - 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    12 plants
    Cabbage, late April 15 - May 1 June 1 24 - 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or
    9 plants
    Cabbage, Chinese
    July 1 24 - 30 18 ½ 1 packet
    Carrots
    April 15 - June 15 18 - 24 2 - 3 ¼ 1 packet
    Cauliflower March 1 - 15 April 15 or June 1 24 - 30 18 - 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    12 plants
    Celery Feb. 15 - March 1 May 15 18 - 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or
    24 plants
    Chard, Swiss
    May 1 18 - 24 6 - 8 1 1 packet
    Collards
    April 15 24 - 36 6 ¼ 1 packet
    Cucumbers
    May 1 - June 15 48 - 60 12 between single plants;
    36 between hills of three
    1 1 packet
    Eggplant March 15 - April 1 June 1 24 - 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    9 plants
    Endive
    April 15 18 - 24 8 - 12 ½ 1 packet
    Garlic
    Oct. 1 - Nov. 1 18 - 24 4 - 6 3 - 4 1 lb of cloves
    Horseradish
    April 15 - May 1 24 - 30 12 - 18 6 (roots) 18 roots
    Kale
    April 15 - July 15 18 - 24 12 - 18 ½ 1 packet
    Kohlrabi
    April 15 - June 1 or
    Aug. 1 - 15
    18 - 24 6 ½ 1 packet
    Lettuce, leaf
    April 15 - June 1 or
    Aug. 1 - 15
    12 - 18 4 - 6 ¼ 1 packet
    Lettuce, head March 1 - 15 April 15 - May 1 18 - 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    18 plants
    Muskmelon
    May 15 - June 1 60 - 72 18 1 1 packet
    Okra March 15 - April 1 June 1 24 - 36 12 - 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet
    Onion seeds
    April 15 12 - 24 2 ½ 1 packet
    Onion, transplants Feb. 1 - 15 April 15 12 - 24 2 - 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet
    Onion, sets
    April 15 12 - 24 2 - 3 1 - 2 ½ lb
    Parsley
    April 15 - May 1 12 - 24 4 - 6 ¼ 1 packet
    Parsnips
    May 1 - 15 18 - 24 3 - 4 ½ 1 packet
    Peas
    April 10 - May 15 18 - 24 2 1 packet
    Pepper March 15 - April 1 June 1 24 - 36 18 - 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or
    12 plants
    Potatoes, Irish
    April 15 - June 1 24 - 30 12 - 18 4 (each piece) 3 lb seed potatoes
    Potatoes, sweet April 15 (roots) June 1 36 - 48 18 - 24
    9 - 12 plants
    Pumpkin
    May 10 - June 1 72 - 96 24 - 36 between single plants;
    60 - 72 between hills of three
    1 - 2 1 packet
    Radish
    April 10 - June 1 or
    Aug. 1 - 15
    6 - 12 1 - 2 ½ 1 packet
    Rhubarb
    April 15 - May 1 36 - 48 36 - 48
    5 or 6 plants
    Rutabaga
    May 15 - June 15 18 - 24 8 - 12 ½ 1 packet
    Spinach
    April 15 or Aug. 1 - 15 12 - 18 3 - 4 ½ 1 packet
    Squash, summer
    May 10 - June 1 24 - 36 24 - 36 1 1 packet
    Squash, winter
    May 10 - June 1 72 - 96 24 - 36 between single plants;
    60 - 72 between hills of three
    1 1 packet
    Sweet corn
    May 10 - July 1 30 12 1 - 2 1 packet
    Tomato April 1 - 15 May 15 - June 1 24 - 36 36 - 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or
    6 - 8 plants
    Turnip
    April 15 or Aug. 1 15 - 18 3 - 4 ½ 1 packet
    Watermelon
    May 15 - June 1 60 - 72 24 - 36 between single plants;
    60 - 72 between hills of three
    ½ 1 packet
    You can find more info here: WI Planting Guide
    Zone 4 fall planting schedule by She Knows  

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2 comments:

  1. I will be starting seeds for my second crops of cold weather vegetables next week. This will be the first year I've had time to start a second crop, can't wait!! :-)

    Amy

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  2. I know me too. I never planned out my garden for fall. I have half a garden plot that didn't work, (our spinach barely grew, bolted, and then disappeared), so I plan to plant it there and I plan to make planter boxes (look for a post on that soon), and I will plant a second crop there. Hope your 2nd crop turns out well! :)

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